Bulqizë Hydrogen: A New Horizon for Clean Energy

In the quest for sustainable and clean energy sources, hydrogen (H₂) has emerged as a beacon of hope. Its potential as a carbon-free energy carrier is immense, offering a pathway to significantly reduce the carbon footprint of our energy systems. However, the conventional production of hydrogen, primarily through natural gas, poses environmental challenges, including significant CO₂ emissions. This backdrop sets the stage for a groundbreaking discovery in the Bulqizë ophiolite in Albania, which could potentially revolutionize our approach to hydrogen production and utilization.

The Bulqizë ophiolite, part of the extensive Eastern Mediterranean supra-subduction-zone ophiolite belt, has recently been identified as a significant source of geologic hydrogen. This discovery, detailed in a study by Laurent Truche and colleagues, highlights the intense degassing of hydrogen from the deep underground Bulqizë chromite mine, marking it as one of the largest recorded hydrogen flow rates to date. With an annual venting of at least 200 tons of hydrogen, the implications for clean energy are profound.

Geologic hydrogen hidden in Bulqizë ophiolite
Geologic hydrogen hidden in Bulqizë ophiolite

The source of this hydrogen is not merely the release of paleo-fluids trapped within the rocks or the result of present-day serpentinization of ultramafic rocks. Instead, the researchers have unveiled the presence of a deeply rooted faulted reservoir within the Jurassic ophiolite massif. This finding challenges the previously held belief that the high mobility and reactivity of hydrogen molecules would prevent their accumulation in the subsurface.

Bulqizë Hydrogen

The Bulqizë mine, situated within a Jurassic ultramafic massif, has been a site of significant interest since flammable gas was first reported in 1992. Subsequent explosions in the mine underscored the presence of a potent gas source, later identified as hydrogen. The mine’s geological setting, characterized by numerous folded and faulted concordant chromite ore bodies, provides a unique environment for hydrogen accumulation and outgassing.

The study conducted an exploration campaign, revealing very intense outgassing at depths ranging from 500 to 1000 meters below the surface. The gas, composed predominantly of hydrogen (84.0 vol%) and methane (13.2 vol%), is discharged at a rate that significantly exceeds previously reported outgassing rates from dry seeps and hyperalkaline springs hosted in ophiolites.

Understanding the Source of Hydrogen

To unravel the mystery of this substantial hydrogen flow, the researchers explored three scenarios: the decrepitation of fluid inclusions and the release of hydrogen occluded in minerals and microfractures; present-day low-temperature serpentinization; and the release of hydrogen from a previously sealed fault zone opened during mining operations. Each scenario was meticulously analyzed to understand the potential lifespan of the hydrogen flow and the volume of rock involved in its generation and outgassing.

The findings suggest that the observed hydrogen flow cannot be solely attributed to the release of paleo byproducts or present-day serpentinization processes. Instead, the presence of a faulted reservoir, acting as a major drain or reservoir for hydrogen, appears to be a significant contributor to the observed outgassing rates.

Implications for Clean Energy

The discovery of a deep reservoir for hydrogen in the Bulqizë ophiolite opens new avenues for clean energy production. This geologic source of hydrogen, if recoverable in sufficient quantities, could play a crucial role in diversifying our energy mix and reducing the carbon footprint of our economy. The potential for extracting hydrogen from such geological formations represents a paradigm shift in our approach to clean energy sources.

Moreover, this discovery underscores the importance of exploring geologic hydrogen as a primary energy source. The Bulqizë ophiolite’s ability to host economically useful accumulations of hydrogen gas challenges the conventional understanding of hydrogen accumulation and highlights the need for further research and exploration in similar geological settings.

A recent study disclosed geologic hydrogen found in the Cauca-Patia Valley of Colombia.

Koloma, an American cleantech company, develops technology to extract geologic hydrogen.


The intense degassing of hydrogen from the Bulqizë ophiolite in Albania not only highlights the potential of geologic hydrogen as a clean fuel but also opens the door to rethinking our energy strategies. As we strive towards a more sustainable and carbon-neutral future, the exploration and utilization of geologic hydrogen sources could play a pivotal role in achieving these goals. The Bulqizë ophiolite’s revelation as a significant hydrogen reservoir is a testament to the untapped potential lying within our planet’s geological formations, offering a promising horizon for clean energy innovation.

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