Solar cell

Solar cells, also known as photovoltaic cells, are devices that convert light energy, usually from the sun, directly into electrical energy through the photovoltaic effect. This process is a physical and chemical phenomenon that involves the absorption of light and the creation of electron-hole pairs in a material with a property known as a bandgap. When the material absorbs light, electrons can be excited across this bandgap, creating an electric current.

Solar cells are a crucial technology in the transition towards renewable energy. Ongoing research and development aimed at improving their efficiency, reducing costs, and overcoming current limitations will continue to enhance their role in global energy systems.

Solar cell startup

We research early- and growth-stage startups that are developing promising solar cell technologies.

Solar cell applications

Building-Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV)

BIPV systems are designed to be integrated into various structural elements such as windows, roof tiles, or cladding. This not only generates electricity but also serves aesthetic and functional purposes, such as providing insulation or shade.

Utility-Scale Solar Farms

Large arrays of PV panels can generate power on a utility scale, ranging from tens of megawatts to gigawatts. These systems can be either fixed or equipped with sun-tracking mechanisms to maximize energy capture and are connected to regional or municipal grids.

Remote Locations

In areas where traditional electricity distribution is not cost-effective or practical, solar cells provide a reliable power source. They are particularly useful for powering remote telecommunications equipment, water pumps, and other critical infrastructure.


Solar cells are being integrated into various modes of transportation, including cars and boats. They can extend the range of electric vehicles or provide auxiliary power for onboard systems.

Solar Plus Storage

Integrating solar energy with storage systems, such as batteries, allows for the use of solar power even when the sun is not shining. This helps balance the electricity generation and demand, making solar energy more reliable and grid-friendly.

Consumer Electronics

Solar cells power a variety of consumer electronics, from calculators and wristwatches to portable chargers and off-grid power systems for camping and outdoor activities

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